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  • Khoda Jirkum

GST Reforms and Updates

By: Khoda Jirkum, B.A.LL.B, 4TH YEAR , Lovely Professional University


In July 2017, India embarked on a transformative journey in its tax landscape with the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). This monumental reform replaced a myriad of indirect taxes with a unified tax regime, promising simplicity, efficiency, and transparency in the country's tax system. As we delve into the world of GST in India, let's unravel its significance, objectives, and the impact it has had on businesses and consumers across the nation.

Introduction to GST:

Goods and Services Tax, or GST, represents a paradigm shift in India's taxation framework, aimed at simplifying the tax structure while fostering economic growth. At its core, GST is a comprehensive indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services across the country, right from the manufacturer to the end consumer. Unlike the fragmented tax regime of the past, where multiple layers of taxes led to cascading effects and inefficiencies, GST integrates various indirect taxes under one umbrella, ensuring a seamless flow of credits and eliminating the burden of tax-on-tax.

Objectives of GST:

The introduction of GST in India was driven by several key objectives:

Simplification: Streamlining the tax structure by replacing multiple indirect taxes with a single, uniform tax system.

Uniformity: Ensuring uniformity in tax rates and procedures across states, thus promoting ease of doing business.

Elimination of Cascading Effect: Preventing the cascading effect of taxes by allowing input tax credit across the value chain.

Promoting Compliance: Encouraging tax compliance through a robust IT infrastructure and simplified tax procedures.

Boosting Economic Growth: Stimulating economic growth by fostering a conducive business environment and facilitating seamless interstate trade.

Impact on Businesses and Consumers: The implementation of GST brought about a significant impact on businesses and consumers alike. For businesses, GST simplified compliance procedures, reduced logistic costs, and facilitated a level playing field. However, it also posed initial challenges in terms of adapting to the new tax regime and upgrading IT systems for compliance. For consumers, GST aimed to bring down the overall tax burden, eliminate hidden taxes, and eventually lead to lower prices for goods and services.


As we embark on this journey to explore the nuances of GST in India, it becomes evident that this tax reform has ushered in a new era of taxation, poised to reshape the country's economic landscape. With its promise of simplicity, efficiency, and transparency, GST stands as a testament to India's commitment to embracing progressive reforms for sustainable growth and development. Through this blog, we aim to unravel the complexities of GST, empowering businesses and consumers to navigate the tax landscape with confidence and clarity.


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