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  • Gaurav Meena

Navigating the Legal Landscape: Exploring Public International Law in the Israel Palestine Conflict

By: Gaurav Meena, B.A.LL.B , 2nd year , Lovely Professional University


The Israel-Palestine dispute has long dominated worldwide attention, sparking intense  arguments and presenting complicated legal issues. Given recent developments, understanding  the role of public international law in this conflict is critical. This blog will look at the legal  aspects of the Israel-Palestine issue, including recent developments and the principles of  international law that underpin the ongoing disagreements. 

A Historical Context: 

To understand the legal intricacies of the Israel-Palestine issue, study its historical context. The  war began in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with opposing claims to territory,  population relocation, and the founding of the State of Israel in 1948. Since then, the region  has experienced cycles of bloodshed, territorial conflicts, and diplomatic efforts to establish  peace and stability. 

International Law and Territorial Claims: 

One of the key concerns in the Israel-Palestine conflict is territorial claims and the application  of international law. The Fourth Geneva Convention, the United Nations Charter, and  applicable Security Council decisions provide as a foundation for determining the legitimacy  of acts done by Israeli and Palestinian authorities. Debates frequently occur over the status of  areas, settlements, and the rights of displaced populations, with international law acting as a  guiding principle for conflict resolution. 

Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: 

The protection of human rights and respect to humanitarian law are important elements in  dealing with the Israel-Palestine conflict. Allegations of human rights violations, such as the  use of disproportionate force, travel restrictions, and prisoner treatment, present serious legal  issues under international law. Furthermore, the Gaza barrier, Palestinian refugee status, and  indigenous peoples' rights complicate the legal picture. 

Peacebuilding and Diplomatic Efforts: 

Despite the hurdles, diplomatic efforts to resolve the Israel-Palestine dispute continue.  International organisations, such as the United Nations, the European Union, and regional  agencies, play critical roles in fostering communication, negotiation, and dispute settlement.  Legal processes such as arbitration, mediation, and international tribunals provide alternatives  for resolving disputes and obtaining justice under international law.


As the Israel-Palestine conflict evolves, public international law is critical to managing its  intricacies. International law provides a framework for dealing with the conflict's legal  implications by maintaining ideals such as territorial integrity, human rights, and peaceful  dispute settlement. As parties seek a way to reconciliation and long-term peace, a solid grasp  of international law is critical for charting a course towards a reasonable and sustainable  resolution to the Israel-Palestine conflict.

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